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Read on to find out what endowment plan is all about, the types of Endowment Plans and the benefits of the plan. The article also educates you on the disadvantages of endowment plan and the providers of such plans.

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What is Endowment Plan?

An endowment Plan is designed to provide a lump sum amount after certain specified term or death of a person. The insured gets the sum assured along with bonus and guaranteed additions that accrues during the term.
 
Endowment Plan Meaning
Endowment plan is a type of life insurance coverage which is applicable only for specified period. Like any other Life Insurance, here also you will get assured sum after maturity and in case of death of the policy holder the nominee will be benefited by the amount. In this plan the specified period will be ten, fifteen, twenty years or up to certain age limit for which you have agreed.
Endowment Plan= Insurance + Savings
 
Types
Types of Endowment policies popular in the market are as follows
 
Unit-linked endowment
This is a fixed term saving plan with an opportunity of life coverage. In this plan your savings can be invested in market shares thus the return you get from this completely depends upon on the performance of your investment. If you are ready to play with the market risks then this is the best option.
 
Full endowments
In Full Endowment plan at the start of policy you will be assured with basic sumwhich is also equal to death benefit. However the amount you get at the end of maturity depends on the annual growth rate. Actually your premium amount will be pooled into company’s or some other investment and each year a bonus is added into your credit. Thus final amount paid to you will be usually higher than the assured fund.
 
Low cost endowment
In this endowment plan the anticipated future growth rate of the amount will meet the target amount and the guaranteed life insurance element. In case of death, this target amount will be paid as the minimum assured sum. Usually Low Cost Endowment plan is used to pay off a mortgage and this is the major advantage of this policy. However investor may increase the premium amount to collect the enough money to clear their mortgage.
 
Unitised with profit endowment
This is a form of profit endowment where the value of units is calculated annually and this value is guaranteed in order to form a minimum return amount. This guaranteed sum remains unaffected from the market risks thus giving you relief. However the guaranteed amount is less than the actual value but if you want to escape from the volatility of market this is a safe investment.
 
Non profit endowment
As the name suggests this plan does not add any bonus for the amount you pay as no sum is invested in shares. If you are looking for a policy to pay off your mortgage then this will not help you but,if you need only life coverage then you can opt for it.

Endowment Plan Is Ideal for you
  • If you are looking for a plan with the dual benefit of investment and insurance.
  • If you are looking for a long term investment and want to receive a lump sum amount at the end of some years or maturity.
  • If you like to pay your premium in short period and want to enjoy the benefits from the plan over the policy term.
  • If you are looking for an investment which is tax free then this is good option. As per section 80C of Income Tax Act you can enjoy tax benefit on the annual premium and as per section 10D death claim is completely tax-free. 
Disadvantages of Endowment Plans
  • It’s a low yield policy
  • The premium is relatively higher than a term plan
  • The surrender value is lower than the premium paid
Companies offering Endowment Plans
  • Kotak Life Insurance
  • Aviva Life Insurance
  • LIC